Frequently Asked Questions about Keyhole Surgery
In recent times the media has played a prominent role in improving the awareness of the public, especially regarding the advances that have taken place in medicine. This has made doctors more sensitive to patients’ requirements. Patients demand painless surgery, smallest of scars, shortest possible hospital stay and quick recovery.
Q. What is Keyhole Surgery?
A. In keyhole surgery a scope is introduced into the body cavity through a 0.5cm opening. The area is viewed through a CCD video camera attached to the monitor. Surgeons can perform any type of surgery by viewing the monitor. Because of the mallness of the opening, this kind of surgery is called Keyhole Surgery, Minimal Access Surgery, or based on the equipment used, Laparoscopic or Endoscopic Surgery.
Q. Why Keyhole Surgery?
A. Small incision, minimal pain, no large exposure so chances of infection are almost nil. This surgery is cosmetically acceptable and allows quick recovery – You’re back in the gym after a major Laparoscopic Surgery in 24 hrs.
Q. Is it more expensive than conventional open surgery?
A. The use of sophisticated equipment, instruments and consumables and special training required for surgeons makes the cost of keyhole surgery more expensive. But reducing the use of medicines, especially antibiotics and length of hospital stay, brings down the costs considerably.
Q. Can children undergo Keyhole Surgery?
A. Anybody can undergo keyhole surgery including children. Since most keyhole surgeries are taken up on an outpatient basis (the patient can leave on the same day), children will be spared a long hospital stay and loss of school.
Q. Can cardiac patients undergo Keyhole Surgery?
A. Keyhole surgery is the safest option for the elderly with hypertension and other cardiac problem.
Q. How do surgeons benefit?
A. This method allows surgeons to have a magnified and very close view of the organs that are lying at a depth. The cameras can be used to view, not only the operative field, but other organs and spaces as well. More than one surgery can be simultaneously tackled through the same surgical opening.
Q. What surgeries can be performed using this method?
A. It’s said about keyhole surgery that you can do any surgery except deliver a live baby!
- Surgeries for Peptic ulcer, Gastro-esophageal reflux disease
- Gall bladder stones (Cholecystectomy)
- Surgeries of the liver, pancreas, spleen and kidney
- Hysterectomy (uterus removal), Tubo-ovarian tumours, Ectopic pregnancy, Polycystic ovarian disease
- Removal of tumours from the abdomen
- Endoscopic surgery of the brain, sinuses, thoracic caity, chest cavity and pleural cavity
- Endoscopic surgery of the heart (bypass surgery)
- Arthroscopic surgery of the knee and shoulder
- Minimally invasive total hip replacement surgery
- Minimally invasive total knee replacement surgery
- Endoscopic spinal surgery including microdiscectomy
- Cataract surgery
Q. What is endoscopy?
A. The word “Endo” means “ inside”, “Scope” means “to view”. Endoscopy is an investigative procedure that is most commonly done to view the sophagus (food pipe), stomach and intestines, windpipe, its branches and lungs. Done as an outpatient procedure, endoscopy takes just 10 minutes to perform and does not require any anaesthesia. After the procedure patients can resume their normal diet and medication and return to work.
Q. Can any hospital perform Keyhole Surgery?
A. Keyhole surgery requires sophisticated dedicated equipment and instruments for each procedure and specially trained skilled personnel.